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Casualty Reduction

In this section you will find information on targets and performance relating to reducing the number of casualties on our roads.

- Current Performance Aim
- 2010 Casualty Reduction Targets
- Collision and Casualty Statistics

Current Performance Aim

The Government's Strategic Framework for Road Safety focuses on reducing killed and seriously injured casualties on Britain's roads through increased driver education. In support of this, drivers in the West Midlands may be offered a Speed Awareness Course or Driver Alertness Course as an alternative to prosecution.

The Department for Transport have identified six key indicators which relate to road deaths and will measure the key outcomes of the strategy at a national level. These are:

  • Number of road deaths (and rate per billion vehicle miles)
  • Rate of motorcyclist deaths per billion vehicle miles
  • Rate of car occupant deaths per billion vehicle miles
  • Rate of pedal cyclist deaths per billion vehicle miles
  • Rare of pedestrian deaths per billion miles walked
  • Number of deaths resulting from collisions involving drivers under 25

At the local level, the number of road deaths is small and subject to fluctuation. For this reason it is suggested that local road safety partnerships focus on reducing the number of killed or seriously injured casualties. In line with this, the West Midlands Local Transport Plan 3 sets a performance aim to:

"Reduce annual Killed and Seriously Injured (KSI) casualties by 17.3% between the baseline 2005–09 average and the 2011–15 average."

2010 Casualty Reduction Targets

The Department for Transport's Road Safety Strategy for 2001–2010 set out national targets for reduction of casualties in road traffic collisions by 2010, compared to the average for 1994–98. These targets are summarised below:

TargetBaselineRequiredAchieved
40% reduction in the number of people killed or seriously injured in road accidents 2,093 1,256 (40%) 924 (56%)
50% reduction in the number of children killed or seriously injured 415 207 (50%) 173 (58%)
10% reduction in the slight casualty rate, expressed as the number of people slightly injured per 100 million vehicle kilometres1 10,484 9,435 (10%)
7,777 (26%)

1. The number of slight casualties given here is a total and not expressed as the number of people slightly injured per 100 million vehicle kilometres.

In addition to the national targets, the highways authorities of the West Midlands set further targets to achieve by 2010. These are summarised below:

TargetBaselineRequiredAchieved
30% reduction in the number of people killed or seriously injured in road accidents from 2004 to 2010 1,149 804 (30%) 924 (20%)
35% reduction in the number of children killed or seriously injured between the 2002–2004 average and the 2008–2010 average 216 140 (35%) 173 (13%)
10% reduction in slight casualties from 2004 to 2010 10,665 9,599 (10%)
7,777 (27%)

Collision and Casualty Statistics

West Midlands Collision and Casualty Statistics
 Year  Collisions Casualties 
Fatal Serious Slight Total Fatal Serious Slight Total Child KSIs
1994 112 1,820 7,279 9,211 118 2,120 9,905 12,143 443
1995 88 1,726 7,129 8,943 92 1,969 9,925 11,986 429
1996 102 1,659 7,442 9,203 105 1,934 10,327 12,366 419
1997 110 1,699 7,978 9,787 111 1,954 11,109 13,174 398
1998 93 1,682 7,992 9,767 96 1,966 11,152 13,214 384
1999 78 1,439 8,461 9,978 89 1,664 11,806 13,559 368
2000 71 1,345 9,224 10,640 74 1,519 12,733 14,326 285
2001 82 1,171 9,209 10,462 90 1,345 12,469 13,904 274
2002 77 1,073 9,047 10,197 81 1,223 12,239 13,543 255
2003 94 1,028 8,433 9,555 96 1,135 11,356 12,587 195
2004 77 967 7,869 8,913 82 1,067 10,665 11,814 198
2005 82 920 8,068 9,070 87 1,044 11,082 12,213 209
2006 92 914 7,495 8,501 102 1,040 10,445 11,587 189
2007 67 955 7,524 8,546 73 1,110 10,460 11,643 206
2008 56 856 6,951 7,863 59 969 9,763 10,791 192
2009 65 846 6,382 7,293 73 926 9,100 10,099 165
2010 50 789 5,377 6,216 51 873 7,777 8,701 173
2011 53 865 4,447 5,365 61 957 6,475 7,493 174

More information on the number, types and locations of collisions and casualties in the West Midlands can be found on our interactive collision map or in the annual West Midlands Road Accident Review.

West Midlands Road Accident Review
 West Midlands Road Accident Review 2010
 West Midlands Personal Injury Accidents summary card 2010
 West Midlands Road Accident Review 2009
 West Midlands Personal Injury Accidents summary card 2009
 West Midlands Road Accident Review 2008
Birmingham City Council Coventry City Council Dudley Council Her Majestys Courts Service Highways Agency Sandwell council Solihull Council Walsall Council West Midlands Police Wolverhampton City Council